Instructions for medication for the elderly: taking the medicine starts with a small dose

Core Tip: When you use the medicine, you should do “four, three, and two”: you should follow the doctor’s advice, tell the doctor to use the medicine, save the medical information, etc., check regularly, pay attention to the drug interaction, pay attention to the changes in the body.Pay attention to the choice of diet; don’t change the medicine by yourself, don’t listen to it, mistake the health care product as a medicine.

  Older people inevitably have a small illness and catastrophe, but many elderly people are eager to recover, often do not follow the doctor’s advice, increase the amount of medication and the number of medications, and lead to a replacement that should not be.

For the elderly who have gradually weakened the function of the organs, it is more important to use less medicine.


The dose should be reduced.

  As the saying goes, “The disease is like a mountain, and the disease is like a silkworm.” The drug also needs a process to exert its efficacy.

Moreover, compared with young people, the digestive function of the elderly is weakened, and the absorption of drugs may be slowed down; the production and activity of liver drug enzymes are gradually reduced, which makes them more sensitive to drugs and prone to adverse reactions; the excretion function of the kidneys is reduced.It is easier to accumulate poisoning.

All of the above indicate that the medication for the elderly should vary from person to person, starting from a small dose, adjusting the medication regimen according to age, gender, weight, and degree of illness.


The variety is small and refined.

  The memory of the elderly is declining, and may be unconsciously misunderstood. If you miss or take more drugs, it is more likely to occur if you use too many drugs.


The medication should be moderate.

  The treatment goals of the elderly for the disease should not be set too high.

Sometimes over-treatment may be a risk indicator than the disease itself.

For example, hypertension in the elderly is mostly accompanied by atherosclerosis, blood pressure is increased by about 135/85 mm Hg, and blood pressure is too low may induce stroke.